Acne rosacea, also known simply as rosacea, is a very common skin condition. If you have persistent blushing or flushing that is worsened by factors such as temperature changes, certain foods or sun and wind, you may have rosacea. At Silver Falls Dermatology, we offer several treatment options to relieve these symptoms.
What is Acne Rosacea?
Acne rosacea, typically referred to as simply “rosacea,” is a long-term or chronic disease that causes redness, pimples or inflammation on the skin. In some cases, the eyes may also be affected. The most common symptom of rosacea is redness in the cheek and nose area, which looks similar to a constant blushing or flushing. Patients may also see small red lines similar to spider veins, acne, swelling or thickening skin (particularly on the nose, forehead, chin or cheeks) and itchiness or dryness in the eyes.
What Causes Acne Rosacea?
The underlying cause of rosacea is unclear, but genetics are believed to be a factor as the disease can run in families. Some evidence suggests that an overactive immune system is to blame for rosacea symptoms.
Most rosacea patients will have environmental or lifestyle triggers for their symptoms. Some common rosacea triggers include:
- Hot or spicy food and drink
- Extreme cold or hot temperatures
- Sun and wind
- Intense emotions including stress
- Irritation from cosmetics or other personal care products
- Drugs that dilate blood vessels such as blood pressure medication
Your provider will likely suggest that you track your rosacea triggers to identify common causes for your symptoms. In some cases, this can help you learn what triggers you can avoid to prevent rosacea flare-ups.
Treatment Options for Acne Rosacea
There are many treatment options available for rosacea. Typically, the best treatment will involve a combination of medications or professional, in-office treatments and at-home skincare.
Several medications are available for acne rosacea. Your provider may recommend a prescription topical treatment to reduce flushing such as brimonidine (Mirvaso) or oxymetazoline (Rhofade). Other medications can be used to control acne or pimples related to rosacea. This may include antibiotics or other acne drugs.
Laser and light treatments may also be beneficial for rosacea. Options like XTRAC or phototherapy can help to reduce redness and calm acne rosacea flare-ups.
Finally, professional grade skincare products may be beneficial. Your provider may recommend products that will calm your skin and reduce flare-ups, especially those caused by irritating ingredients. For acne rosacea patients, daily SPF is especially important to prevent sun damage and redness.